Fern Resources

Pyrrosia sheareri
Photo courtesy of Richie Steffen

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Fern Publications

Members receive our HFF Quarterly Newsletter

- Articles, Expedition and Foray Reports, Book reviews, Fern News and much more...


Directory of Fern Gardens and Nurseries


The Fern Propagation Handbook

-A 42 page booklet written by Hardy Fern Foundation members.

Table of Contents

The Sex Life (or Life Cycle) of Ferns -- Joan Eiger Gottlieb
Apogamy and Apospory for Amateurs -- Joan Eiger Gottlieb
Reproduction of Xerophytic Ferns -- Martin Grantham
Getting Started - Gathering and Cleaning Spore -- Sue Olsen
Waiting for Sporophytes -- Alastari C. Wardlaw
A Method for Growing Ferns from Spores -- Robert Louis Muller
Yet Another Method of Growing Ferns from Spores -- James R. Horrocks
Fern Propagation -- Sue Mandeville
Growing Fern Sporelings on Pumice Rock -- Jim Baggett
A Systematic Method for Spore Germination -- Samuel Tumey
Vegetative Reproduction in Ferns -- Martin Rickard
Fern Propagation Using Tissue Culture -- Serge Zimberoff
Fernet discussion of propagation.

USA orders - 10.00 each (postage included) CANADIAN orders - 11.00 each (postage included) ALL OTHER COUNTRIES - 12.00 each (postage included)

Make check payable to the Hardy Fern Foundation.

Send check to: HFF Propagation Handbook 2003 128th Ave. S.E. Bellevue, WA 98005


Fern Books

(list courtesy of Foliage Gardens)


Pacific Northwest Ferns and Their Allies. T.M.C. Taylor, 1970

How to Know the Ferns and Fern Allies. John T. Mickel, 1979

Flora of North America. Vol. 2. 1993

New Jersey Ferns and Fern Allies. James D. Montgomery & David Fairbrothers, 1992

The Ferns and Allied Plants of New England. Tryon & Moran, 1997

A Field Manual of the Ferns & Fern Allies of the United States & Canada. Lellinger, 1985

Ferns and Fern Allies of Chihuahua. Irving Knobloch, 1962

Ferns and Fern Allies of Canada. Cody & Britton, 1989


The Ferns of Britain and Ireland. C.N. Page, 1982

A Natural History of Britain's Ferns. C.N. Page, 1988

Scandinavian Ferns. Benjamin gaard, 1993 Magnificent illustrations.

Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-europa. Vol. 1. Gustav Hegi, 1984 (especially useful if you read German...which we don't! BUT the photographs, maps and line drawings are excellent.)

Farne im Herzen Europas. Georg Eberle, 1970 (ditto above!)

Les Fougres et plantes allies de France et d'Europe occidentale. Prelli, 2001 (in French )


Flora of Japan Jisaburo Ohwi, 1965

An Illustrated Fern Flora of the West Himalaya. S. P. Khullar, Vol. 1, 1994, Vol. 2, 2000

Colored Illustrations of the Japanese Pteridophyta. Tagawa, 1977

Ferns and Fern Allies of Japan. Iwatsuki, 1992

Ferns and Fern Allies of Taiwan, Ralf Knapp, published in 2011, in English - https://picasaweb.google.com/116136418529949606360/_MyBookFernsAndFernAlliesOfTaiwan#5631666000551858130 


New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants. Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth, 1989


General Fern Study & Gardening

Encyclopedia of Garden Ferns, Sue Olsen, 2007.

Encyclopaedia of Ferns. David L. Jones, 1987

The Plantfinder's Guide to Garden Ferns. Martin Rickard, 2000

Hardy Ferns. Reginald Kaye, 1968

Ferns for American Gardens. John Mickel, 1994

The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1999

A World of Ferns. Camus. Jermy & Thomas, 1991

Maidenhair Ferns in Cultivation. Christopher J. Goudey, 1985

Ferns. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. 1995 edition

A Guide to Hardy Ferns. A British Pteridological Society publication by Richard Rush. 1984. describing close to 600 hardy and potentially hardy ferns from throughout the world. Excellent quick reference...no illustrations! In addition to the above there are some marvelous octogenarian+ works from Britain by Druery, Lowe, Britten and Schneider that belong in the library of the serious collector. A delightful contemporary book, The Fern Herbal, Abbe, 1985 revives the charm of some of the older literature.

Websites and Email Lists

Fern Societies

American Fern Society

"The American Fern Society is over 100 years old. With over 900 members worldwide, it is one of the largest international fern clubs in the world. It was established in 1893 with the objective of fostering interest in ferns and fern allies." http://www.amerfernsoc.org/

British Pteridological Society

"The British Pteridological Society was founded in 1891 and today continues as a focus for fern enthusiasts. It provides a wide range of information about ferns through the medium of its publications and other literature. It also organises formal talks, informal discussions, field meetings, garden visits, plant exchanges, a spore exchange scheme and fern book sales." http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/bps/

Deleware Valley Fern and Wildflower Society 

The purpose of the DVFWS shall be to encourage the enjoyment of ferns and wildflowers by cultivating and propagating them in the home garden; by studying them in their wild habitats, gardens, and conservatories; by promoting their conservation and preservation, and by providing a forum for the exchange of information and expertise.  http://www.dvfws.org/

The Dutch Fern Society

The Dutch Fern Society has about 160 members and consists of both Dutch and Belgian fern enthusiasts. Articles in their magazine “varenvaria” have an English and German summary or introduction. The main articles are in Dutch. The Dutch fern society also attends meetings of the German society annually. They have a spore list which you can see here: http://www.varenvereniging.nl/pdf-bestanden/sporenlijst2011.pdfTheir website is -http://www.varenvereniging.nl/

The Fern Society of Southern Africa

"Their objectives are to promote an interest in ferns (Pteridophyta), to protect indigenous ferns, to research the cultivation of ferns and to disseminate information concerning ferns."  Their activities include, monthly meetings, publications, sales, spore-bank, herbarium, fern surveys and international exchange.  http://www.fernsoc.co.za/

The Los Angeles International Fern Society

"Formed to provide a source of information on ferns, arrange for people to study ferns, and encourage the use and enjoyment of ferns in gardens and patios." http://www.laifs.org/

The San Diego Fern Society

"This site was designed to provide an international source of fern-related information for the fern hobbyist." http://www.sandiegofernsociety.com/  

Texas Gulf Fern Society


Educational Sites

Celebrating Wildflowers, US Forest Service

Celebrating Wildflowers is dedicated to the enjoyment of the thousands of wildflowers growing on our national forests and grasslands, and to educating the public about the many values of native plants.

Celebrating Wildflowers emphasizes:

  • The aesthetic value of plants - a field of wildflowers is a beautiful sight
  • The recreational value of plants - picking berries is fun for the whole family
  • The biological value of plants - native plants support other life
  • The medicinal value of plants - chemicals from plants help combat sickness
  • The economic value of plants - plant material such as floral greens are commercially valuable
  • The conservation of native plants - protecting and maintaining native plant habitat


Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World

By Michael Hassler and Bernd Schmitt http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/ferns/

Checklist of World Ferns

Compiled by Michael Hassler and Brian Swale - http://homepages.caverock.net.nz/~bj/fern/list.htm

Cold Hardy Tree Ferns

Ian Barklay - http://www.angelfire.com/bc/eucalyptus/treeferns/

Connecticut Botanical Society

This site includes a photo library of the Common Ferns of New England, prepared by CBS member Arieh Tal.  http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/ferns/index.html 

Forest Ferns

Forest Ferns is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about tree ferns in their natural habitat and how to grow different species.  http://www.forestferns.co.uk/ 

Great Plant Picks

Great Plant Picks is an educational awards program committed to building a comprehensive palette of outstanding plants for Pacific Northwest gardens. Awards are based on the combined expertise of over forty horticulturists from Washington, Oregon and British Columbia. Great Plant Picks originates at the Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden in Seattle, Washington, and provides a forum for sharing horticultural information with the wider gardening community. www.greatplantpicks.org

Hardy Fern Library

This extensive site focuses on identifying hardy fern species. https://web.archive.org/web/20170524042513/http://hardyfernlibrary.com:80/ferns/home.cfm

German Fern Group

This special interest fern group is within the Gesellschaft der Staudenfreunde e.V. It was founded in 1998 and has 50 members today. It is a forum both for enthusiastic beginners and the owners of some major fern collections worldwide. The group publishes its newsletter the FARNWEDEL several times a year. It offers advice and information about dates and events along with interesting professional articles. Once a year the group holds an annual meeting at varying places in Germany as an opportunity for lively discussion an plant exchange between the group members as well as visits to fern gardens and natural habitats. In advance of the annual meeting a list of ferns, spores, and accompanying plants ( both on offer an being searched for ) is distributed among the members an other interested folk to enhance the exchange of plants and seeds.

Ontario Ferns

An excellent photo glossary of fern terminology.  http://ontarioferns.com/index.php

Taiwan pteridophytes and gymnosperms



E-Mail Lists



"This group is for the discussion of all aspects of fern cultivation, Hardy, tender, bedded out, in pots, tree ferns, sowing spores or anything at all fern related" http://groups.yahoo.com/group/uk-ferns


(formerly Fernet) "Ferns is a mail-list group that discusses any topic relating to ferns and fern-allies. We welcome participants at all levels from beginner to professional pteridologist. We hope our discussions will be lively and helpful. However, we do ask that participants extend courtesy to each other and that personal flaming be avoided...ferns are delicate, cool organisms and it is hoped that we can all maintain our "cool" too while discussing our favorite organisms. Thank you for your interest in Ferns." To subscribe to Ferns, send a message with this one line: SUBSCRIBE FERNS to:



"Welcome to the Yahoo! Tree Fern Group, devoted to the cultivation of tree ferns, that is, ferns forming trunks. Cibotium, Cyathea and Dicksonia are the main genera, but there are more... Tree ferns are a marked feature in any garden, bringing that irresistible tropical 'jungle look'. Some species, with a little care, are hardier than you might suspect. They are also easy to grow in containers... Tree ferns can get addictive. Enjoy your time here in this your group!... " To subsscribeto Treefern, visit the Tree Fern Group Main Page: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/treefern web stats analysis